American Chemical Society
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Fused Double Donor Design with a Cross-Conjugated Dibenzosilin for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-04, 17:34 authored by Qing Yun Li, Ravinder Kaur, William E. Meador, Juganta K. Roy, Jerzy Leszczynski, Jared H. Delcamp
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) can provide a clean energy solution to growing energy demands. In order to have devices of high performance, sensitizers that are able to absorb in the near-infrared region (NIR) are needed. Stronger electron donors are needed for intramolecular charge-transfer sensitizers to access longer wavelength photons. Thus, two novel organic dyes with a cross-conjugated dibenzosilin double donor design are studied herein. The double donor delocalizes multiple filled orbitals across both amine donors due to the fused design that planarizes the donor as observed computationally, which improves intramolecular charge-transfer strength. The dyes are studied via density functional theory (DFT), optical spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and in DSC devices. The studies indicate that the dye design can reduce recombination losses, allowing for improved DSC device performances relative to a single arylamine donor. The reduction in recombination losses is attributed to the six alkyl chains that are incorporated into the donor, which offer good surface protection.