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Functionalized Nanocellulose-Integrated Heterolayered Nanomats toward Smart Battery Separators

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journal contribution
posted on 06.07.2016, 00:00 by Jung-Hwan Kim, Minsu Gu, Do Hyun Lee, Jeong-Hoon Kim, Yeon-Su Oh, Sa Hoon Min, Byeong-Su Kim, Sang-Young Lee
Alternative materials obtained from natural resources have recently garnered considerable attention as an innovative solution to bring unprecedented advances in various energy storage systems. Here, we present a new class of heterolayered nanomat-based hierarchical/asymmetric porous membrane with synergistically coupled chemical activity as a nanocellulose-mediated green material strategy to develop smart battery separator membranes far beyond their current state-of-the-art counterparts. This membrane consists of a terpyridine (TPY)-functionalized cellulose nanofibril (CNF) nanoporous thin mat as the top layer and an electrospun polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) macroporous thick mat as the support layer. The hierarchical/asymmetric porous structure of the heterolayered nanomat is rationally designed with consideration of the trade-off between leakage current and ion transport rate. The TPY (to chelate Mn2+ ions) and PVP (to capture hydrofluoric acid)-mediated chemical functionalities bring a synergistic coupling in suppressing Mn2+-induced adverse effects, eventually enabling a substantial improvement in the high-temperature cycling performance of cells.