American Chemical Society
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Functionalized [2.2]Paracyclophanedienes as Monomers for Poly(p‑phenylenevinylene)s

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-08, 22:04 authored by Arielle Mann, Chengyuan Wang, Bianca L. Dumlao, Marcus Weck
Poly(p-phenylenevinylene)s (PPVs) featuring complex side-chains, to date, have only been synthesized by nonliving polymerization methods which have no control over PPV molecular weights, dispersities, or end groups. [2.2]Paracyclophane-1,9-diene (pCpd) has gained attention as a monomer for its ability to be ring-opened to PPV in a living fashion. pCpd, an organic cyclic scaffold with planar chirality, has seen minimal structural diversity due to the harsh reaction conditions required to afford the highly strained compound. Herein, we introduce a general method to overcome this by targeting the synthesis of a monohydroxy-pCpd via mono-demethylation of a dialkoxy-pCpd. The monohydroxy-pCpd can then be functionalized easily, which we demonstrate using three distinct side-chains with four moieties commonly incorporated in conjugated polymers: an alkyl bromide, an oligo(ethylene glycol) chain, an enantiomerically pure side-chain, and a Boc-protected amine. These monofunctionalized-pCpds were investigated as monomers in the ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) to afford functionalized PPVs in a living manner. The functional-group-containing PPVs are synthesized with full control over their end groups, repeat units, and dispersities. The feasibility of post-polymerization modifications to incorporate any desired moiety to PPV fabricated by this method was demonstrated using an azide–alkyne click reaction. All synthesized PPVs were soluble in organic solvents and display the same fluorescent emission, indicating their conjugated backbones are unaltered.