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Functional Characterization of Two Carboxylesterase Genes Involved in Pyrethroid Detoxification in Helicoverpa armigera

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posted on 10.03.2020, 02:29 authored by Yong-Qiang Li, Li-Sha Bai, Cai-Xia Zhao, Jing-Jing Xu, Zhong-Juan Sun, Yan-Ling Dong, De-Xian Li, Xi-Li Liu, Zhi-Qing Ma
Insect carboxylesterases are major enzymes involved in metabolism of xenobiotics including insecticides. Two carboxylesterase genes, CarE001A and CarE001H, were cloned from the destructive agricultural pest Helicoverpa armigera. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that CarE001A and CarE001H were predominantly expressed in fat body and midgut, respectively; developmental expression analyses found that the expression levels of both CarEs were significantly higher in fifth-instar larvae than in other life stages. Recombinant CarE001A and CarE001H expressed in the Escherichia coli exhibited high enzymatic activity toward α-naphthyl acetate. Inhibition assays showed that organophosphates had strong inhibition on CarEs activity compared to pyrethroids. Metabolism assays indicated that CarE001A and CarE001H were able to metabolize β-cypermethrin and λ-cyhalothrin. Homology modeling and molecular docking analyses demonstrated that β-cypermethrin could fit nicely into the active pocket of both carboxylesterases. These results suggested that CarE001A and CarE001H could play important roles in the detoxification of pyrehtroids in H. armigera.

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