American Chemical Society
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Functional Analysis of Insecticide Inhibition and Metabolism of Six Glutathione S‑Transferases in the Rice Stem Borer, Chilo suppressalis

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-22, 04:04 authored by Kun Qian, Daojie Guan, Zhaolu Wu, Anxiang Zhuang, Jianjun Wang, Xiangkun Meng
The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are important detoxifying enzymes in insects. Our previous studies found that the susceptibility of Chilo suppressalis to abamectin was significantly increased when the CsGST activity was inhibited by glutathione (GSH) depletory. In this study, the potential detoxification mechanisms of CsGSTs to abamectin were explored. Six CsGSTs of C. suppressalis were expressed in vitro. Enzymatic kinetic parameters including Km and Vmax of recombinant CsGSTs were determined, and results showed that all of the six CsGSTs were catalytically active and displaying glutathione transferase activity. Insecticide inhibitions revealed that a low concentration of abamectin could effectively inhibit the activities of CsGSTs including CsGSTd1, CsGSTe4, CsGSTo2, CsGSTs3, and CsGSTu1. However, the in vitro metabolism assay found that the six CsGSTs could not metabolize abamectin directly. Additionally, the glutathione transferase activity of CsGSTs in C. suppressalis was significantly increased post-treatment with abamectin. Comprehensive analysis of the results in present and our previous studies demonstrated that CsGSTs play an important role in detoxification of abamectin by catalyzing the conjugation of GSH to abamectin in C. suppressalis, and the high binding affinities of CsGSTd1, CsGSTe4, CsGSTo2, CsGSTs3, and CsGSTu1 with abamectin might also suggest the involvement of CsGSTs in detoxification of abamectin via the noncatalytic passive binding and sequestration instead of direct metabolism. These studies are helpful to better understand the detoxification mechanisms of GSTs in insects.