Fully Synthetic Invariant NKT Cell-Dependent Self-Adjuvanting Antitumor Vaccines Eliciting Potent Immune Response in Mice
journal contributionposted on 2019-12-30, 21:30 authored by Pu-Guang Chen, Hong-Guo Hu, Zhan-Yi Sun, Qian-Qian Li, Bo-Dou Zhang, Jun-Jun Wu, Wen-Hao Li, Yu-Fen Zhao, Yong-Xiang Chen, Yan-Mei Li
Constructing an effective therapeutic cancer vaccine is very attractive and promising for cancer immunotherapy. However, the poor immunogenicity of tumor antigens and suppression of the immune system in the tumor microenvironment are two major obstacles for developing effective cancer vaccines. Invariant NKT cells (iNKT cells), which are essential bridges between the innate and adaptive immune systems, can be rapidly activated by their agonists and, consequently, evoke whole immune systems. Herein, we conjugated a potent agonist of the iNKT cell, α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer), with the tumor-associated MUC1 glycopeptide antigens as novel self-adjuvanting cancer vaccines through click chemistry. Immunological studies revealed that the mouse immune system was potently evoked and that high levels of tumor-specific IgG antibodies were elicited by vaccine conjugates without an external adjuvant. The produced antibodies could specifically recognize and bind to antigen-expressing cancer cells and, subsequently, induce cytotoxicity through complement-dependent cytotoxicity. Thus, the insertion of α-GalCer significantly improved the immunogenicity of the MUC1 glycopeptide and induced strong antigen-specific antitumor responses, indicating that α-GalCer is an effective built-in adjuvant for constructing potent chemical synthetic antitumor vaccines.
tumor-associated MUC 1 glycopeptide antigensMUC 1 glycopeptideantigen-specific antitumor responsesSynthetic Invariant NKT Cell-Dependent Self-Adjuvanting Antitumor Vaccines Eliciting Potent Immune Responseα- GalCertumor-specific IgG antibodiescytotoxicityimmunogenicityagonistantibodynovel self-adjuvanting cancer vaccinesiNKTInvariant NKT cellsantigen-expressing cancer cells