American Chemical Society
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Fully Automated Radiosynthesis of [11C]Guanidines for Cardiac PET Imaging

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-10-05, 13:39 authored by Austin Y. Zhao, Allen F. Brooks, David M. Raffel, Jenelle Stauff, Janna Arteaga, Peter J. H. Scott, Xia Shao
Radiolabeled guanidines such as meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) find utility in nuclear medicine as both diagnostic imaging agents and radiotherapeutics and, over the years, numerous methods for incorporating radionuclides into guanidines have been developed. In connection with a project developing new positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracers for cardiac sympathetic nerve density, we had cause to prepare [11C]­3F-PHPOG. However, it quickly became apparent that radiolabeling of guanidine scaffolds with carbon-11 has remained challenging, and historical methods lack compatibility with modern automated radiochemistry synthesis platforms and current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) requirements. To address this challenge, we report a new automated method for radiolabeling guanidines with carbon-11. The method was used to prepare a series of [11C]­guanidines in good radiochemical yield (8–76% by radio-HPLC) and was found to have broad substrate scope and tolerance of unprotected OH and NH functional groups. The method was used to synthesize [11C]­3F-PHPOG for preclinical imaging, and suitability of the radiotracer for preclinical use was demonstrated through preliminary cardiac PET in New Zealand white rabbits which revealed good cardiac uptake and expected retention in the heart.