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Frontier Orbital Consistent Quantum Capping Potential (FOC-QCP) for Bulky Ligand of Transition Metal Complexes

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journal contribution
posted on 06.03.2008, 00:00 by Yu-ya Ohnishi, Yoshihide Nakao, Hirofumi Sato, Shigeyoshi Sakaki
Chemically reasonable models of PR3 (R = Me, Et, iPr, and tBu) were constructed to apply the post Hartree−Fock method to large transition metal complexes. In this model, R is replaced by the H atom including the frontier orbital consistent quantum capping potential (FOC-QCP) which reproduces the frontier orbital energy of PR3. The steric effect is incorporated by the new procedure named steric repulsion correction (SRC). To examine the performance of this FOC-QCP method with the SRC, the activation barriers and reaction energies of the reductive elimination reactions of C2H6 and H2 from M(R)2(PR3)2 (M = Ni, Pd, or Pt; R1 = Me for R2 = Me, Et, or iPr, or R1 = H for R2 = tBu) were evaluated with the DFT[B3PW91], MP4(SDQ), and CCSD(T) methods. The FOC-QCP method reproduced well the DFT[B3PW91]- and MP4(SDQ)-calculated energy changes of the real complexes with PMe3. For more bulky phosphine, the SRC is important to present correct energy change, in which the MP2 method presents reliable steric repulsion correction like the CCSD(T) method because the systems calculated in the SRC do not include a transition metal element. The monomerization energy of [RhCl(PiPr3)2]2 and the coordination energies of CO, H2, N2, and C2H4 with [RhCl(PiPr3)2]2 were theoretically calculated by the CCSD(T) method combined with the FOC-QCP and the SRC. The CCSD(T)-calculated energies agree well with the experimental ones, indicating the excellent performance of the combination of the FOC-QCP with the SRC. On the other hand, the DFT[B3PW91]-calculated energies of the real complexes considerably deviate from the experimental ones.