From Bacteria to Cancer: A Benzothiazole-Based DNA Gyrase B Inhibitor Redesigned for Hsp90 C‑Terminal Inhibition

Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone that is responsible for the folding and maturation of client proteins that are associated with all ten hallmarks of cancer. Hsp90 N-terminal pan inhibitors have experienced unfavorable results in clinical trials due to induction of the heat shock response (HSR), among other concerns. Novobiocin, a well characterized DNA gyrase B inhibitor, was identified as the first Hsp90 C-terminal inhibitor that manifested anticancer effects without induction of the HSR. In this letter, a library of Hsp90 C-terminal inhibitors derived from a benzothiazole-based scaffold, known to inhibit DNA gyrase B, was designed, synthesized, and evaluated. Several compounds were found to manifest low micromolar activity against both MCF-7 and SKBr3 breast cancer cell lines via Hsp90 C-terminal inhibition.