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Freestanding Laser-Assisted Reduced Graphene Oxide Microribbon Textile Electrode Fabricated on a Liquid Surface for Supercapacitors and Breath Sensors

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journal contribution
posted on 17.07.2019, 18:04 by HaoTian H. Shi, Sumyung Jang, Hani E. Naguib
Graphene microribbons (rGO-MRs) are highly desired for their high electrical conductivities and specific surface areas, which contribute to multiple applications in thin, flexible, textile supercapacitors, sensors, and actuators. Herein, we demonstrate a facile method for creating reduced graphene oxide microribbons with microscale architecture utilizing a simple blue-violet diode laser under ambient conditions. This method takes advantage of the photochemical reduction mechanism of self-assembled graphene oxide liquid crystals (GO-LC), allowing rGO-MR patterns to be directly printed on the solution surface. The rGO-MR films demonstrated tunable diameters and can be tailored into any geometries. A maximum intrinsic electrical conductivity for rGO-MR reaching 325.8 S/m was observed. The rGO-MR textile electrodes can be assembled into microsupercapacitors with a high areal specific capacitance of 14.4 mF/cm2, a low charge-transfer impedance, and an exceptional cycling performance with a retained 96.8% capacitance after 10 000 cycles. The rGO-MR films also experience changes in resistance in response to the moisture adsorption from human breaths and therefore can also be employed as a breathing sensor for health monitoring. The presented facile method for creating multilayered rGO-MR films directly on liquid surfaces can further expand the potential for three-dimensional printing graphitic materials for various multifunctional applications.