Fragmentation of Injectable Bioadhesive Hydrogels Affords Chemotherapeutic Macromolecules
journal contributionposted on 2016-07-07, 00:00 authored by Yuji Yamada, Joel P. Schneider
Implantation of drug delivery depots into or proximal to targeted tissue is an effective method to deliver anticancer drugs in a sustained localized manner. Herein, syringe-injectable polydextran aldehyde (PDA)-based bioadhesive gels are prepared that can locally deliver cytotoxins upon their hydrolytic fragmentation. Adhesive gels are formed by mixing doxorubicin (DOX)-functionalized PDA (DOX-PDA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) using a dual-barrel syringe. Upon mixing and delivery, the DOX-PDA reacts with the cross-linker BSA as well as the extracellular matrix via imine bond formation to define the cohesive and adhesive properties of the gel, respectively. Resulting gels are mechanically rigid (∼10 kPa) and adherent (adhesive stress ∼ 4 kPa). Once formed, the DOX-PDA-BSA gels undergo slow hydrolytic degradation (>2 months) locally releasing free DOX and DOX-PDA as expected. Surprisingly, we found that macromolecules composed of DOX, PDA, and BSA are also released from the bulk material. These DOX-PDA-BSA macromolecules, along with free DOX and DOX-PDA conjugate, are internalized by A549 lung carcinoma cells, resulting in potent cell death.