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Fragmentation of β-Hydroxy Hydroperoxides

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journal contribution
posted on 03.02.2012, 00:00 by Xiaodong Gu, Wujuan Zhang, Robert G. Salomon
A β-hydroxy hydroperoxide was obtained through base-catalyzed disproportionation of a hydroperoxy endoperoxide available by singlet oxygenation of cyclohepta-1,4-diene. Vitamins E and C induce fragmentation of this β-hydroxy hydroperoxide generating aldehydes, especially in the presence of redox active metal ions such as those present in vivo, e.g., under conditions of “iron overload”. This chemistry may contribute to the oxidative cleavage of polyunsaturated fatty acyls that produces similar aldehydes, which damage proteins and DNA through covalent adduction resulting in “oxidative injury”.