Formation of Nanostructured Materials via Coalescence of Amphiphilic Hollow Particles
journal contributionposted on 2006-02-22, 00:00 authored by Panya Sunintaboon, Kin Man Ho, Pei Li, Stephen Z. D. Cheng, Frank W. Harris
A new, simplified route to amphiphilic core−shell nanotubes, microfibers, and microrods has been developed that does not involve the traditional utilization of well-defined block copolymers. Thus, amphiphilic graft copolymers (PEI-g-PMMA) are prepared by an aqueous free radical polymerization that self-assemble in situ to form uniform core−shell nanoparticles. The hydrophobic homopolymer (PMMA) that is also formed is incorporated in the cores. Slight cross-linking of the shells followed by extraction of the homopolymer results in hollow nanoparticles that coalesce to form nanotubes. When the shells are not cross-linked, the hollow particles coalesce to form microrods and microfibers. The sizes and shapes of the micromaterials can be controlled by varying the experimental conditions.