Formation of Colloidal CuO Nanocrystallites and Their Spherical Aggregation and Reductive Transformation to Hollow Cu2O Nanospheres
journal contributionposted on 01.02.2005, 00:00 by Yu Chang, Joong Jiat Teo, Hua Chun Zeng
In this work, we demonstrate that cuprous oxide Cu2O nanospheres with hollow interiors can be fabricated from a reductive conversion of aggregated CuO nanocrystallites without using templates. A detailed process mechanism has been revealed: (i) formation of CuO nanocrystallites; (ii) spherical aggregation of primary CuO crystallites; (iii) reductive conversion of CuO to Cu2O; and (iv) crystal aging and hollowing of Cu2O nanospheres. In this template-free process, Ostwald ripening is operative in (iv) for controlling crystallite size in shell structures and thus for precisely tuning the optical band gap energy (Eg) of resultant semiconductor nanostructures. For the first time, a wealth of colorful Cu2O hollow nanospheres (outer diameters in 100−200 nm), with variable Eg in the range of 2.405−2.170 eV, has been fabricated via this novel chemical route. Considering their unique hollow structure and facile tuning in band gap energy, the prepared Cu2O hollow spheres can be potentially useful for harvesting solar energy in the visible range. Possibility of fabrication of Cu−Cu2O nanocomposites has also been discussed.