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Formation of AgPt Alloy Nanoislands via Chemical Etching with Tunable Optical and Catalytic Properties

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journal contribution
posted on 16.03.2010, 00:00 by Weiwei He, Xiaochun Wu, Jianbo Liu, Ke Zhang, Weiguo Chu, Lili Feng, Xiaona Hu, Weiya Zhou, Sishen Xie
An effective way is developed to fabricate AgPt alloy nanoislands on gold nanorods based on the galvanic replacement between Ag and PtCl42− in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The optical and catalytic properties benefit from the porous structure composed of AgPt nanoislands. A large red shift (265 nm) after etching is observed for longitudinal surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in comparison with Au@Pt0.1@Ag. Alloy compositions in bulk miscibility gap can be obtained and finely tuned from Ag0.56Pt0.44 to Ag0.38Pt0.62. A unique composition dependence is found for both electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol and catalytic oxidation of o-phenylenediamine (OPD) by hydrogen peroxide. In both systems, the highest catalytic activity is achieved at the alloy composition of Pt0.62Ag0.38. Proper alloying with Ag not only improves the CO poisoning of Pt catalyst but also enhances the catalytic activity greatly.