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Folate-Conjugated Cell Membrane Mimetic Polymer Micelles for Tumor-Cell-Targeted Delivery of Doxorubicin

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journal contribution
posted on 19.12.2018, 00:00 authored by Qian Lu, Meijun Yi, Mengchen Zhang, Zhangyu Shi, Shiping Zhang
Tumor-targeting nano-drug-delivery systems hold great potential to improve the therapeutic efficacy and alleviate the side effects of cancer treatments. Herein, folic acid (FA)-decorated amphiphilic copolymer of FA-P­(MPC-co-MaPCL) (MPC: 2-methacryloxoethyl phosphorylcholine, MaPCL: poly­(ε-caprolactone) macromonomer) is synthesized and its micelles are fabricated for doxorubicin (DOX) delivery. And non-FA-decorated P­(MPC-co-MaPCL) micelles are used as the control. Dynamic light scattering and scanning electron microscopy measurements reveal that FA-P­(MPC-co-MaPCL) and P­(MPC-co-MaPCL) micelles are spherical with average diameters of 140 and 90 nm, respectively. The evaluation in vitro demonstrates that the blank micelles are nontoxic, while DOX-loaded FA-P­(MPC-co-MaPCL) micelles show significant cytotoxicity to HeLa cells and slight cytotoxicity to L929 cells. Moreover, the cellular uptake of DOX-loaded FA-P­(MPC-co-MaPCL) micelles in HeLa cells are 4.3-fold and 1.7-fold higher than that of DOX-loaded P­(MPC-co-MaPCL) micelles and free DOX after 6 h of incubation, respectively. These results indicate the great potential of this system in anticancer target drug-delivery applications.