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Fluorescence Polarization-Based Rapid Detection System for Salivary Biomarkers Using Modified DNA Aptamers Containing Base-Appended Bases

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journal contribution
posted on 31.12.2019, 22:43 by Hirotaka Minagawa, Akihisa Shimizu, Yuka Kataoka, Masayasu Kuwahara, Shintaro Kato, Katsunori Horii, Ikuo Shiratori, Iwao Waga
The field of care testing toward the analysis of blood and saliva lacks nowadays simple test techniques for biomarkers. In this study, we have developed a novel nucleobase analog, Ugu, which is a uracil derivative bearing a guanine base at the 5-position. Moreover, we attempted the development of aptamers that can bind to secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA), which has been examined as a stress marker in human saliva. It was observed that the acquired aptamer binds strongly and selectively to the SIgA dimer (Kd = 13.6 nM) without binding to the IgG and IgA monomers of human serum. Reduction of the aptamer length (41 mer) successfully improved 4-fold the binding affinity (Kd = 3.7 nM), compared to the original, longer aptamer (78 mer). Furthermore, the development of a simple detection system for human saliva samples by fluorescence polarization was investigated, using the reported human salivary α-amylase (sAA) and the SIgA-binding aptamer. Comparison of the present method with conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay techniques highlighted a significant Pearson’s correlation of 0.94 and 0.83 when targeting sAA and SIgA, respectively. It is thus strongly suggested that a new simple test of stress markers in human saliva can be quantified quickly without bound/free (B/F) separation.