Flexible Biosensors for the Impedimetric Detection of Protein Targets Using Silk-Conductive Polymer Biocomposites
journal contributionposted on 08.04.2019, 00:00 by Meng Xu, Vamsi K. Yadavalli
To expand the applications of flexible biosensors in point-of-care healthcare applications beyond monitoring of biophysical parameters, it is important to devise strategies for the detection of various proteins and biomarkers. Here, we demonstrate a flexible, fully organic, biodegradable, label-free impedimetric biosensor for the critical biomarker, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This biosensor was constructed by photolithographically patterning a conducting ink consisting of a photoreactive silk sericin coupled with a conducting polymer. These functional electrodes are printed on flexible fibroin substrates that are controllably thick and can be free-standing, or conform to soft surfaces. Detection was accomplished via the antibody to VEGF which was immobilized within the conducting matrix. The results indicated that the developed flexible biosensor was highly sensitive and selective to the target protein, even in challenging biofluids such as human serum. The biosensors themselves are biocompatible and degradable. Through this work, the developed flexible biosensor based on a simple and label-free strategy can find practical applications in the monitoring of wound healing or early disease diagnosis.
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Impedimetric DetectionSilk-Conductive Polymer Biocompositesfibroin substratespoint-of-care healthcare applicationsgrowth factorVEGFphotoreactive silk sericinFlexible Biosensorstarget proteinlabel-free strategylabel-free impedimetric biosensordisease diagnosisphotolithographically patterningwound healing