First Singlet (n,π*) Excited State of Hydrogen-Bonded Complexes between Water and Pyrimidine
journal contributionposted on 03.03.2005, 00:00 by Zheng-Li Cai, Jeffrey R. Reimers
Hydrogen bonds from water to excited-state formaldehyde and from water to excited-state pyridine have been shown to display novel motifs to traditional hydrogen bonds involving ground states, with, in particular for H2O:pyridine, strong interactions involving the electron-rich π cloud dominating the (n,π*) excited state. We investigate H2O:pyrimidine and various dihydrated species and reveal another motif, one in which the hydrogen bonding can dramatically alter the electronic structure of the excited state. Such effects are rare for ground-state interactions for which hydrogen bonding usually acts to merely perturb the electronic structure of the participating molecules. It arises as the (n,π*) excitation of isolated pyrimidine is delocalized over both nitrogens but asymmetric hydrogen bonding causes it to localize on just the noninteracting atom. As a result, the excited-state hydrogen bond in H2O:pyrimidine is suprisingly very similar to the ground-state structure. These results lead to an improved understanding of the spectroscopy of pyrimidine in liquid water, and to the prediction that stable excited-state hydrogen bonds in H2O:pyrimidine should be observable, despite failure of experiments to actually do so. They also provide a simple model for the intricate control over primary charge separation in photosynthesis exerted by hydrogen bonding, and for solvent-induced electron localization in symmetric mixed-valence complexes. All conclusions are based on strong parallels found between the results of calculations performed using density-functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TDDFT), complete-active-space self-consistent-field (CASSCF) with second-order perturbation-theory correction (CASPT2) theory, and equation-of-motion coupled cluster (EOM-CCSD) theory, calculations that are verified through detailed comparison of computed properties with experimental data for both the isolated molecules and the ground-state hydrogen bond.