First-in-Class Cyclic Temporin L Analogue: Design, Synthesis, and Antimicrobial Assessment
journal contributionposted on 2021-07-23, 12:03 authored by Rosa Bellavita, Bruno Casciaro, Salvatore Di Maro, Diego Brancaccio, Alfonso Carotenuto, Annarita Falanga, Floriana Cappiello, Elisabetta Buommino, Stefania Galdiero, Ettore Novellino, Tom N. Grossmann, Maria Luisa Mangoni, Francesco Merlino, Paolo Grieco
The pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties of bioactive peptides can be modulated by introducing conformational constraints such as intramolecular macrocyclizations, which can involve either the backbone and/or side chains. Herein, we aimed at increasing the α-helicity content of temporin L, an isoform of an intriguing class of linear antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), endowed with a wide antimicrobial spectrum, by the employment of diverse side-chain tethering strategies, including lactam, 1,4-substituted [1,2,3]-triazole, hydrocarbon, and disulfide linkers. Our approach resulted in a library of cyclic temporin L analogues that were biologically assessed for their antimicrobial, cytotoxic, and antibiofilm activities, leading to the development of the first-in-class cyclic peptide related to this AMP family. Our results allowed us to expand the knowledge regarding the relationship between the α-helical character of temporin derivatives and their biological activity, paving the way for the development of improved antibiotic cyclic AMP analogues.
antimicrobial peptidesAntimicrobial Assessmentcyclic temporin L analoguesside-chain tethering strategiespharmacokinetic propertiesantimicrobial spectrumα- helicity contenttemporin LAMP familytemporin derivativesantibiotic cyclic AMP analoguesintramolecular macrocyclizationsdisulfide linkersbioactive peptidesFirst-in-Class Cyclic Temporin L An...α- helical characterfirst-in-class cyclic peptideantibiofilm activities