American Chemical Society
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First-Principles Insights into the Relative Stability, Physical Properties, and Chemical Properties of MoSe2

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Version 2 2023-04-17, 15:08
Version 1 2023-04-05, 10:34
journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-17, 15:08 authored by Lathifa Banu S, Vasu Veerapandy, Helmer Fjellvåg, Ponniah Vajeeston
A fascinating transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) compound, MoSe2, has attracted a lot of interest in electrochemical, photocatalytic, and optoelectronic systems. However, detailed studies on the structural stability of the various MoSe2 polymorphs are still lacking. For the first time, the relative stability of 11 different MoSe2 polymorphs (1H, 2H, 3Ha, 3Hb, 2T, 4T, 2R1, 1T1, 1T2, 3T, and 2R2) is proposed, and a detailed analysis of these polymorphs is carried out by employing the first-principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT). We computed the physical properties of the polymorphs such as band structure, phonon, and elastic constants to examine the viability for real-world applications. The electronic properties of the involved polymorphs were calculated by employing the hybrid functional of Heyd, Scuseria, and Ernzerhof (HSE06). The energy band gap of the polymorphs (1H, 2H, 3Ha, 3Hb, 2T, 4T, and 2R1) is in the range of 1.6–1.8 eV, coinciding with the experimental value for the polymorph 2H. The covalent bonding nature of MoSe2 is analyzed from the charge density, charge transfer, and electron localization function. Among the 11 polymorphs, 1H, 2H, 2T, and 3Hb polymorphs are predicted as stable polymorphs based on the calculation of the mechanical and dynamical properties. Even though the 4T and 3Ha polymorphs’ phonons are stable, they are mechanically unstable; hence, they are considered to be under a metastable condition. Additionally, we computed the direction-dependent elastic moduli and isotropic factors for both mechanically and dynamically stable polymorphs. Stable polymorphs are analyzed spectroscopically using IR and Raman spectra. The thermal stability of the polymorphs is also studied.