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Fentanyl Assay Derived from Intermolecular Interaction-Enabled Small Molecule Recognition (iMSR) with Differential Impedance Analysis for Point-of-Care Testing

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journal contribution
posted on 23.06.2022, 21:14 authored by Zhe Wang, Amit Nautiyal, Christopher Alexopoulos, Rania Aqrawi, Xiaozhou Huang, Ashraf Ali, Katherine E. Lawson, Kevin Riley, Andrew J. Adamczyk, Pei Dong, Xinyu Zhang
Rapid and effective differentiation and quantification of a small molecule drug, such as fentanyl, in bodily fluids are major challenges for diagnosis and personal medication. However, the current toxicology methods used to measure drug concentration and metabolites require laboratory-based testing, which is not an efficient or cost-effective way to treat patients in a timely manner. Here, we show an assay for monitoring fentanyl levels by combining the intermolecular interaction-enabled small molecule recognition (iMSR) with differential impedance analysis of conjugated polymers. The differential interactions with the designed anchor interface were transduced through the perturbance of the electric status of the flexible conducting polymer. This assay showed excellent fentanyl selectivity against common interferences, as well as in variable body fluids through either testing strips or skin patches. Directly using the patient blood, the sensor provided 1%–5% of the average deviation compared to the “gold” standard method LC-MS results in the medically relevant fentanyl range of 20–90 nM. The superior sensing properties, in conjunction with mechanical flexibility and compatibility, enabled point-of-care detection and provided a promising avenue for applications beyond the scope of biomarker detection.