Fast and Ultrasensitive Detection of a Nerve Agent Simulant Using Carbazole-Based Nanofibers with Amplified Ratiometric Fluorescence Responses
journal contributionposted on 24.05.2018, 00:00 by Chunyan Sun, Wei Xiong, Weidong Ye, Yingxuan Zheng, Ran Duan, Yanke Che, Jincai Zhao
In this work, we report the fast and ultrasensitive detection of a nerve agent simulant in the gas phase, diethyl chlorophosphate (DCP), by using carbazole-based nanofibers from 1. When exposed to trace DCP, the formed pyridine-phosphorylated product in 1 nanofibers can cause amplified ratiometric fluorescence responses, i.e., amplified fluorescence quenching via quenching excitons within the diffusion length of 1 nanofibers and simultaneously amplified turn-on fluorescence responses via harvesting excitons within the diffusion length to give the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) emission at a longer wavelength. On the basis of these amplified ratiometric fluorescence responses, detection of DCP with fast response (ca. 3 s), ultrasensitivity (4 ppb), and improved selectivity is achieved.