American Chemical Society
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Fast Charge Diffusion in MAPb(I1–xBrx)3 Films for High-Efficiency Solar Cells Revealed by Ultrafast Time-Resolved Reflectivity

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-03-13, 00:00 authored by Wenjun Shi, Yong Wang, Taiyang Zhang, Haijuan Zhang, Yixin Zhao, Jie Chen
Organometallic halide perovskite solar cells such as MAPbI3 have shown great promise as a low-cost, high-efficiency photovoltaic candidate. Recent studies demonstrated that by substituting an appropriate amount I ions of MAPbI3 with Br ions, the device performance parameters, such as moisture stability or power conversion efficiency, can be further optimized. In this study, using time-resolved optical reflectivity to track the carrier dynamics in MAPb­(I1–xBrx)3 films with different Br contents, we found that photocarriers in MAPb­(I1–xBrx)3 films with x = 0.01 and 0.02 diffuse much faster than those in films with other Br contents. We suggest that the faster charge carrier diffusion benefits from larger crystal grain size. As a result, this suppresses electron and hole recombination and increases the carrier extraction efficiency, in agreement with the higher power conversion efficiency reported previously.