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Facile and Efficient Two-Step Formation of a Renewable Monomer 2,5-Furandicarboxylic Acid from Carbohydrates over the NiOx Catalyst

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journal contribution
posted on 04.03.2020, 17:04 by Huai Liu, Weile Li, Miao Zuo, Xing Tang, Xianhai Zeng, Yong Sun, Tingzhou Lei, Huayu Fang, Tianyuan Li, Lu Lin
The formation of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) from carbohydrates without a cumbersome 5-(hydroxymethyl)­furfural (HMF) separation/purification process remains a formidable challenge. Herein, we prepared an innovative NiOx catalyst for the efficient oxidation of HMF to FDCA by using budget NaClO as oxidant, which can afford high FDCA yields (94–97%) from both pure HMF and carbohydrate-derived crude HMF in only 30 min at 25 °C. Remarkably, an impressive FDCA formation rate of 404 μmol g–1 min–1 (13–67-fold higher than those of recently reported catalytic systems for FDCA production) could be achieved over the NiOx catalyst at 25 °C. During the catalytic oxidation process, −Ni4+–O– sites over the NiOx catalyst are responsible for the efficient oxidation of HMF to FDCA. Furthermore, we also demonstrated a 50 g scale production of FDCA from HMF in a high yield of 96%. Therefore, the NiOx catalyst holds great promise to produce FDCA from biomass-derived carbohydrates in an effective and cost-competitive two-step process.