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Facile Synthesis of Defect-Modified Thin-Layered and Porous g‑C3N4 with Synergetic Improvement for Photocatalytic H2 Production

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journal contribution
posted on 11.11.2020, 10:43 authored by Yanbin Huang, Jun Liu, Chao Zhao, Xiaohao Jia, Mengmeng Ma, Yuanyuan Qian, Cheng Yang, Kong Liu, Furui Tan, Zhijie Wang, Xiaobao Li, Shengchun Qu, Zhanguo Wang
Modulating and optimizing the diverse parameters of photocatalysts synergistically as well as exerting these advantages fully in photocatalytic reactions are crucial for the sufficient utilization of solar energy but still face various challenges. Herein, a novel and facile urea- and KOH-assisted thermal polymerization (UKATP) strategy is first developed for the preparation of defect-modified thin-layered and porous g-C3N4 (DTLP-CN), wherein the thickness of g-C3N4 was dramatically decreased, and cyano groups, nitrogen vacancies, and mesopores were simultaneously introduced into g-C3N4. Importantly, the roles of thickness, pores, and defects can be targetedly modulated and optimized by changing the mass ratio of urea, KOH, and melamine. This can remarkably increase the specific area, improve the light-harvesting capability, and enhance separation efficiency of photoexcited charge carriers, strengthening the mass transfer in g-C3N4. Consequently, the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution efficiency of the DTLP-CN (1.557 mmol h–1 g–1, λ > 420 nm) was significantly improved more than 48.5 times with the highest average apparent quantum yield (AQY) of 18.5% and reached as high as 0.82% at 500 nm. This work provides an effective strategy for synergistically regulating the properties of g-C3N4, and opens a new horizon to design g-C3N4-based catalysts for highly efficient solar-energy conversion.