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Facile Synthesis of Cu/NiCu Electrocatalysts Integrating Alloy, Core–Shell, and One-Dimensional Structures for Efficient Methanol Oxidation Reaction

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journal contribution
posted on 24.05.2017, 00:00 by Dengfeng Wu, Wei Zhang, Daojian Cheng
The design and development of low-cost Pt-free, high-active, and durable noble-metal-free electrocatalysts for methanol electrooxidation is highly desirable but remains a challenge. Herein, unique Cu/NiCu nanowires (NWs) integrating alloy, core–shell, and one-dimensional structures are prepared by a facile one-pot strategy. It is found that the Ni–Cu surface alloying structure can effectively change the charge distribution of the atomic configuration, the core–shell structure can be optimized with the usage of Ni and Cu, and the one-dimensional structure can effectively enhance the charge transfer between the electrode surface and the active sites, making the prepared NWs promising electrocatalysts. Detailed catalytic investigations showed that the obtained Cu/NiCu NWs exhibit an enhanced electrocatalytic performance for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). The optimized Cu/NiCu NWs in this work show a mass current density of 867.1 mA mgmetal–1 at 1.55 V (vs. RHE) for MOR, which is far higher than those of Ni-based previously reported electrocatalysts. This work opens up a new pathway for the design and engineering of noble-metal-free alloy electrocatalysts with enhanced activity and durability.