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Facile Synthesis and One-Dimensional Assembly of Cyclodextrin-Capped Gold Nanoparticles and Their Applications in Catalysis and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering

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journal contribution
posted on 06.08.2009, 00:00 by Teng Huang, Fei Meng, Limin Qi
Controlled synthesis of Au nanoparticles with adjustable sizes (10−50 nm) and narrow size distributions (<10% in standard deviation) was realized by reducing hydrochloroauric acid with α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) in an alkaline aqueous solution, which was very simple and “green”. It was revealed that a proper pH was essential to the formation of stable dispersions of nonaggregated Au nanoparticles and a higher pH would lead to the welding of the Au nanoparticles into one-dimensional (1D) wires or three-dimensional (3D) aggregates. Moreover, 1D assembly of α-CD-capped Au nanoparticles into nanochains was readily induced by partial removal of the organic stabilization shell, which resulted from the host−guest interactions between α-CDs capped on Au nanoparticle surfaces and toluene molecules. Finally, the as-prepared Au nanoparticles were found to serve as effective catalyst to activate the reduction of 4-nitrophenol in the presence of NaBH4, and the application of the assembled Au nanoparticle thin film as a substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) was also demonstrated.