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Facile Preparation of Magnetic Chitosan Coprecipitated by Ethanol/NH3·H2O for Highly Efficient Removal toward Cr(VI)

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posted on 2018-05-28, 13:33 authored by Weiquan Cai, Wenhui Xue, Yihong Jiang
The adsorption ability of chitosan (CS) usually decreases with the introduction of magnetic particles, and thus magnetic CS has to be chemically modified further to improve its adsorption performance. Herein, a novel magnetic chitosan composite (Fe3O4–CS3) with porous structure and evenly distributed Fe3O4 was successfully prepared via the reduction of the solubility of CS by ethanol (physical reaction), and followed the coprecipitation of the mixture of FeCl3/FeCl2/CS by ethanol/NH3·H2O. Without any modification, its maximum adsorption capacity toward Cr­(VI) ions can achieve 242.1 mg/g (≈468.6 mg/g of CS). This significant progress could be ascribed to the very fast precipitate rate of CS due to the decrease in solubility induced by ethanol. Ethanol causes rigorous solidification of CS, so that there is not enough time to densify, resulting in a looser CS matrix with a larger pore size. After adsorption, this Fe3O4–CS3 could not only be easily separated but also be effectively regenerated by NaOH solution in a rather wider concentration range, showing great potential in the field of heavy metal wastewater treatment.

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