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Facile Preparation of Doxorubicin-Loaded and Folic Acid-Conjugated Carbon Nanotubes@Poly(N‑vinyl pyrrole) for Targeted Synergistic Chemo–Photothermal Cancer Treatment

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journal contribution
posted on 02.10.2017, 00:00 by Daquan Wang, Yibo Ren, Yongping Shao, Demei Yu, Lingjie Meng
We developed a bifunctional nanoplatform for targeted synergistic chemo–photothermal cancer treatment. The nanoplatform was constructed through a facile method in which poly­(N-vinyl pyrrole) (PVPy) was coated on cut multiwalled carbon nanotubes (c-MWNTs); FA-PEG-SH was then linked by thiol–ene click reaction to improve the active targeting ability, water dispersibility, and biocompatibility and to extend the circulation time in blood. The PVPy shell not only enhanced the photothermal effect of c-MWNTs significantly but also provided a surface that could tailor targeting molecules and drugs. The resulting MWNT@PVPy-S-PEG-FA possessed high drug-loading ratio as well as pH-sensitive unloading capacity for a broad-spectrum anticancer agent, doxorubicin. Owing to its outstanding efficiency in photothermal conversion and ability in targeted drug delivery, the material could potentially be used as an efficient chemo–photothermal therapeutic nanoagent to treat cancer.