Facile Formation of a DNA Adduct of Semicarbazide on Reaction with Apurinic/Apyrimidinic Sites in DNA
journal contributionposted on 08.04.2016, 00:00 by Yinan Wang, Ho Wai Chan, Wan Chan
Mutagenic semicarbazide (SEM) is a hydrazine-containing food contaminant found in a wide variety of foods. Despite decades of research, the toxicity of SEM remains incompletely understood. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time that SEM reacts rapidly with apurinic/apyrimidinic sites in an endogenous DNA lesion to form covalently bonded DNA adducts in vitro and in bacteria. Specifically, we performed high-performance liquid chromatography with high accuracy and tandem mass spectrometry to characterize the DNA adduct formed by reacting SEM with 2′-deoxyribose and single- and double-stranded oligonucleotides containing abasic sites under physiologically relevant conditions. By analyzing the reaction mixture at different time points, the reaction kinetics of SEM with DNA was also elucidated. Moreover, by using a highly sensitive and selective liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method, we show that SEM induces the dose-dependent formation of DNA adducts in Escherichia coli. The results from our studies provide the first direct evidence suggesting that SEM may exert genotoxicity by forming covalently bonded DNA adducts.