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Facile Approach to Synthesize Au@ZnO Core–Shell Nanoparticles and Their Application for Highly Sensitive and Selective Gas Sensors

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journal contribution
posted on 13.05.2015, 00:00 by Sanjit Manohar Majhi, Prabhakar Rai, Yeon-Tae Yu
We successfully prepared Au@ZnO core–shell nanoparticles (CSNPs) by a facile low-temperature solution route and studied its gas-sensing properties. The obtained Au@ZnO CSNPs were carefully characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM, and UV–visible spectroscopy. Mostly spherical-shaped Au@ZnO CSNPs were formed by 10–15 nm Au NPs in the center and by 40–45 nm smooth ZnO shell outside. After the heat-treatment process at 500 °C, the crystallinity of ZnO shell was increased without any significant change in morphology of Au@ZnO CSNPs. The gas-sensing test of Au@ZnO CSNPs was examined at 300 °C for various gases including H2 and compared with pure ZnO NPs. The sensor Au@ZnO CSNPs showed the high sensitivity and selectivity to H2 at 300 °C. The response values of Au@ZnO CSNPs and pure ZnO NPs sensors to 100 ppm of H2 at 300 °C were 103.9 and 12.7, respectively. The improved response of Au@ZnO CSNPs was related to the electronic sensitization of Au NPs due to Schottky barrier formation. The high selectivity of Au@ZnO CSNPs sensor toward H2 gas might be due to the chemical as well as catalytic effect of Au NPs.