American Chemical Society
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Facet-Dependent Passivation for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-26, 21:30 authored by Chunqing Ma, Min-Chul Kang, Sun-Ho Lee, Yalan Zhang, Dong-Ho Kang, Wenxin Yang, Pin Zhao, Sang-Woo Kim, Seok Joon Kwon, Cheol-Woong Yang, Yang Yang, Nam-Gyu Park
Understanding the interplay between the surface structure and the passivation materials and their effects associated with surface structure modification is of fundamental importance; however, it remains an unsolved problem in the perovskite passivation field. Here, we report a surface passivation principle for efficient perovskite solar cells via a facet-dependent passivation phenomenon. The passivation process selectively occurs on facets, which is observed with various post-treatment materials with different functionality, and the atomic arrangements of the facets determine the alignments of the passivation layers. The profound understanding of facet-dependent passivation leads to the finding of 2-amidinopyridine hydroiodide as the material for a uniform and effective passivation on both (100) and (111) facets. Consequently, we achieved perovskite solar cells with an efficiency of 25.10% and enhanced stability. The concept of facet-dependent passivation can provide an important clue on unidentified passivation principles for perovskite materials and a novel means to enhance the performance and stability of perovskite-based devices.