American Chemical Society
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Fabrication of an Antifouling Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor with Stratified Zwitterionic Peptides for Highly Efficient Detection of Peanut Allergens in Biscuits

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-01, 16:34 authored by Yinqiang Xia, Xinru Dong, Heng Chang, Xiwen Zhang, Jinyu Li, Siqi Wang, Yang Lu, Tianli Yue
Peanut allergen monitoring is currently an effective strategy to avoid allergic diseases, while food matrix interference is a critical challenge during detection. Here, we developed an antifouling surface plasmon resonance sensor (SPR) with stratified zwitterionic peptides, which provides both excellent antifouling and sensing properties. The antifouling performance was measured by the SPR, which showed that stratified peptide coatings showed much better protein resistance, reaching ultralow adsorption levels (<5 ng/cm2). Atomic force microscopy was used to further analyze the antifouling mechanism from a mechanical perspective, which demonstrated lower adsorption forces on hybrid peptide coatings, confirming the better antifouling performance of stratified surfaces. Moreover, the recognition of peanut allergens in biscuits was performed using an SPR with high efficiency and appropriate recovery results (98.2–112%), which verified the feasibility of this assay. Therefore, the fabrication of antifouling sensors with stratified zwitterionic peptides provides an efficient strategy for food safety inspection.