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Fabrication of a High-Energy Flexible All-Solid-State Supercapacitor Using Pseudocapacitive 2D-Ti3C2Tx‑MXene and Battery-Type Reduced Graphene Oxide/Nickel–Cobalt Bimetal Oxide Electrode Materials

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journal contribution
posted on 13.11.2020, 10:44 by Amar M. Patil, Nutthaphak Kitiphatpiboon, Xiaowei An, Xiaoqiong Hao, Shasha Li, Xiaogang Hao, Abuliti Abudula, Guoqing Guan
Owing to excellent metallic conductivity, hydrophilic surfaces, and surface redox properties, a two-dimensional (2D) metal carbide of Ti3C2Tx-MXene could serve as a promising pseudocapacitive electrode material for energy storage devices. Meanwhile, the 2D reduced graphene oxide (rGO) combining with the hierarchical cubic spinel nickel–cobalt bimetal oxide (NiCo2O4) nanospikes could control ion diffusion for charge storage, thereby facilitating the improvement of the energy density of a supercapacitor. As per the strategy, the pseudocapacitive 2D Ti3C2Tx was loaded on a flexible acid-treated carbon fiber (ACF) backbone to prepare a Ti3C2Tx/ACF negative electrode by a convenient drop-casting method. Meanwhile, 2D rGO was deposited on ACF by a simple dip-dry process, which was further decorated by the spinel NiCo2O4 nanospikes using a hydrothermal method to obtain a NiCo2O4@rGO/ACF positive electrode. The fabricated Ti3C2Tx/ACF electrode exhibited an excellent specific capacitance of 246.9 F/g (197.5 mF/cm2) at 4 mA/cm2 along with 96.7% capacity retention over 5000 charge/discharge cycles, whereas the NiCo2O4@rGO/ACF electrode showed a specific capacitance of 1487 F/g (458.3 mA h/g) at 3 mA/cm2 with a cycling stability of 88.2% over 10 000 charge/discharge cycles. As a result, a flexible all-solid-state hybrid supercapacitor (FHSC) device using the pseudocapacitive Ti3C2Tx/ACF on the negative side with a widespread voltage window and the battery-type NiCo2O4@rGO/ACF on the positive side with high electrochemical activity delivered an excellent volumetric capacitance of 2.32 F/cm3 (141.9 F/g) at a current density of 5 mA/cm2 with a high-energy density of 44.36 Wh/kg (0.72 mWh/cm3) at a power density of 985 W/kg (16.13 mW/cm3) along with a cycling stability of 90.48% over 4500 charge/discharge cycles. Therefore, the pseudocapacitive 2D Ti3C2Tx/ACF negative electrode could replace carbon-based electrodes and a combination of it with the battery-type NiCo2O4@rGO/ACF positive electrode should be a promising way to step up the energy density of a supercapacitor.