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Fabrication of Thermoresponsive Nanoactinia Tentacles by a Single Particle Nanofabrication Technique

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journal contribution
posted on 27.10.2015, 00:00 authored by Masaaki Omichi, Hiromi Marui, Vikas S. Padalkar, Akifumi Horio, Satoshi Tsukuda, Masaki Sugimoto, Shu Seki
Nanowires that are retractable by external stimulus are the key to fabrication of nanomachines that mimick actinia tentacles in nature. A single particle nanofabrication technique (SPNT) was applied over a large area to the fabrication of retractable nanowires (nanoactinia tentacles) composed of poly­(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and poly­(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), which are thermoresponsive and hydrophilic polymers. The nanowires were transformed with increasing temperature from rod-like- to globule-forms with gyration radii of ∼1.5 and ∼0.7 μm, respectively. The transformation of the nanowires was reversible and reproducible under repeated cycles of heating and cooling. The reversible transformation was driven by hydration and dehydration of PNIPAM, the thermoresponsive segments, resulting in coil-to-globule transformation of the segments. The nanoactinia tentacle systems trapped the nanoparticles as a model of living cells under thermal stimulation, and the trapping was controlled by temperature. We present herein a unique nanomachine system which can be applicable to nanoparticle filtering/sensing systems and expandable to large-area functionalization and demonstrate polymer-based nanoactuators via scaling of molecular level coil-to-globule transformation into micron-sizes.