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Fabrication of Hierarchical CaCO3 Mesoporous Spheres: Particle-Mediated Self-Organization Induced by Biphase Interfaces and SAMs

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journal contribution
posted on 20.04.2010, 00:00 by Xiaohong Liang, Junhui Xiang, Fushi Zhang, Li Xing, Bo Song, Shiwei Chen
Highly ordered hierarchical calcium carbonate is an important phase involved in calcification by a wide variety of invertebrate organisms, and its formation is of technological interest in the development of functional materials. In this article, porous CaCO3 hierarchical microspheres with a hedgehoglike appearance have been fabricated on the flexible substrate under mild conditions. There are two points that play important roles in the regular organization of the terminal products: one is the biphase interfaces, which are generated by organic solvent n-hexane and an aqueous saturated solution of Ca(OH)2, and the other is hydroxyl-terminated monolayers assembled on the flexible PET (poly(ethylene terephthalate)) substrate. The SEM images show that novel CaCO3 hierarchical microspheres consist of densely stacked “shuttles” by the oriented self-organization of CaCO3 nanoparticles. The IR and XRD spectra indicate that the as-synthesized products are composed of a calcite phase obtained by an ACC (amorphous calcium carbonate)-to-calcite transformation. In view of the results, a nanoparticle-mediated self-organization process induced by biphase interfaces and SAMs template is proposed for the integration of functional materials and nanodevices.