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Fabrication, Characterization, and Biocompatibility of Polymer Cored Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanofibers

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journal contribution
posted on 02.02.2016, 00:00 by Lin Jin, Dingcai Wu, Shreyas Kuddannaya, Yilei Zhang, Zhenling Wang
Graphene nanofibers have shown a promising potential across a wide spectrum of areas, including biology, energy, and the environment. However, fabrication of graphene nanofibers remains a challenging issue due to the broad size distribution and extremely poor solubility of graphene. Herein, we report a facile yet efficient approach for fabricating a novel class of polymer core-reduced graphene oxide shell nanofiber mat (RGO–CSNFM) by direct heat-driven self-assembly of graphene oxide sheets onto the surface of electrospun polymeric nanofibers without any requirement of surface treatment. Thus-prepared RGO–CSNFM demonstrated excellent mechanical, electrical, and biocompatible properties. RGO–CSNFM also promoted a higher cell anchorage and proliferation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) compared to the free-standing RGO film without the nanoscale fibrous structure. Further, cell viability of hMSCs was comparable to that on the tissue culture plates (TCPs) with a distinctive healthy morphology, indicating that the nanoscale fibrous architecture plays a critically constructive role in supporting cellular activities. In addition, the RGO–CSNFM exhibited excellent electrical conductivity, making them an ideal candidate for conductive cell culture, biosensing, and tissue engineering applications. These findings could provide a new benchmark for preparing well-defined graphene-based nanomaterial configurations and interfaces for biomedical applications.