Extending π‑Conjugation System with Benzene: An Effective Method To Improve the Properties of Benzodithiophene-Based Polymer for Highly Efficient Organic Solar Cells
journal contributionposted on 25.11.2014, 00:00 by Jiuxing Wang, Manjun Xiao, Weichao Chen, Meng Qiu, Zhengkun Du, Weiguo Zhu, Shuguang Wen, Ning Wang, Renqiang Yang
To obtain a polymer based on benzodithiophene (BDT) owning both a largely extended π-conjugation system and a low-lying highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), a polymer (PBDTBzT-DTffBT) containing benzothienyl-substituted BDT is designed and synthesized. Compared with the polymer (PBDTT-DTffBT) based on thienyl-substituted BDT, PBDTBzT-DTffBT exhibits better thermal stabilities, red-shifted absorption spectra, and stronger intermolecular interactions. The HOMO and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) in PBDTBzT-DTffBT are decreased by 0.11 and 0.13 eV, respectively, which should be attributed to the contribution of the electron-withdrawing group benzene. Polymer solar cells (PSCs) based on PBDTBzT-DTffBT and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) exhibit a maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 7.30% with a large open-circuit voltage of 0.90 V under AM 1.5G illumination (100 mW/cm2). The PCE is 36% higher than that of the PSCs derived from PBDTT-DTffBT. These findings provide a new approach to design high-performance conjugated polymers for efficient solution-processed PSCs.