Extended Short-Wavelength Infrared Photoluminescence and Photocurrent of Nonstoichiometric Silver Telluride Colloidal Nanocrystals
journal contributionposted on 15.09.2021, 17:41 by Gahyeon Kim, Dongsun Choi, So Young Eom, Haemin Song, Kwang Seob Jeong
Demands on nontoxic nanomaterials in the short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) have rapidly grown over the past decade. Here, we present the nonstoichiometric silver chalcogenide nanocrystals of AgxTe (x > 2) and Ag2Te/Ag2S CQDs with a tunable bandgap across the SWIR region. When the atomic percent of the metal and chalcogenide elements are varied, the emission frequency of the excitonic peak is successfully extended to 2.7 μm. Surprisingly, the AgxTe CQD film responds to the SWIR light with a responsivity of 2.1 A/W at 78 K. Also, the Ag2S shell growth over the Ag2Te core enhances not only the emission intensity but also the structural rigidity, preventing crystal morphology deformation under the electron beam. The origin of the enhancement in the emission intensity and air stability of AgxTe and Ag2Te/Ag2S CQDs is carefully investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The optical properties and infrared photocurrent of AgxTe CQDs will provide new opportunities for solution-based SWIR applications.
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