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Expression of the Clifednamide Biosynthetic Pathway in Streptomyces Generates 27,28-seco-Derivatives

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journal contribution
posted on 11.09.2020, 21:10 by Yu-Jie Jiao, Yan Liu, Hao-Xin Wang, De-Yu Zhu, Yue-Mao Shen, Yao-Yao Li
Polycyclic tetramate macrolactams (PoTeMs) are a group of hybrid PK-NRP natural products having a variable set of carbocyclic rings, a conserved assembly pathway, and diverse bioactivities. We report here the identification of seven new PoTeMs, clifednamides D–J (39), along with the known clifednamides A (1) and B (2) through rational pathway refactoring and heterologous expression. Remarkably, clifednamides D (3), G (6), and H (7) feature an unprecedented 27,28-seco skeleton. The cytotoxic activities of compounds 19 indicated that the hydroxy group of C-25, the methyl group of C-30, the inner five-membered ring, and the intact macrocycle are all critical for the activities. Meanwhile, the cytochrome P450 enzyme CftS023A and the hydroxylase CftS023E involved in oxidative tailoring of clifednamides were found to decorate the fused 5–6 bicyclic intermediates. Accordingly, the biosynthetic pathway for clifednamides was proposed.