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Exploring the Emissive Properties of New Azacrown Compounds Bearing Aryl, Furyl, or Thienyl Moieties: A Special Case of Chelation Enhancement of Fluorescence upon Interaction with Ca2+, Cu2+, or Ni2+

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journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2010, 00:00 by Elisabete Oliveira, Rosa M. F. Baptista, Susana P. G. Costa, M. Manuela M. Raposo, Carlos Lodeiro
Three new compounds bearing furyl, aryl, or thienyl moieties linked to an imidazo-crown ether system (1, 2, and 3) were synthesized and fully characterized by elemental analysis, infrared, UV−vis absorption, and emission spectroscopy, X-ray crystal diffraction, and MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry. The interaction toward metal ions (Ca2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, and Hg2+) and F has been explored in solution by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. Mononuclear and binuclear metal complexes using Cu2+ or Hg2+ as metal centers have been synthesized and characterized. Compounds 2 and 3 show a noticeable enhancement of the fluorescence intensity in the presence of Ca2+ and Cu2+ ions. Moreover compound 3 presents a dual sensory detection way by modification of the fluorimetric and colorimetric properties in the presence of Cu2+ or Hg2+. EPR studies in frozen solution and in microcrystalline state of the dinuclear Cu(II)3 complex revealed the presence of an unique Cu2+ type.