Exploiting Powder X‑ray Diffraction to Establish the Solvent-Assisted Solid-State Supramolecular Assembly of Pillarquinone
journal contributionposted on 2015-04-01, 00:00 authored by Kilingaru I. Shivakumar, Yuncheng Yan, Colan E. Hughes, David C. Apperley, Kenneth D. M. Harris, Gangadhar J. Sanjayan
We report the solvent-mediated supramolecular assembly of pillarquinone (PQ), a symmetric cyclamer containing five benzoquinone moieties bridged by five alternating methylene units. The supramolecular assembly of PQ is shown to be facilitated by 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE) as solvent, producing a microcrystalline solvate material PQ·2TCE with a fluffy texture. Optical and electron microscopy reveal that this material has a rod-shaped morphology, extending to several micrometers in length. Due to the microcrystalline nature of the material, structure determination was carried out directly from powder X-ray diffraction data, augmented by high-resolution solid-state 13C NMR. The two crystallographically distinct TCE molecules occupy different types of void in the structure and have different dynamic properties. Crystallization of PQ was attempted from a large number of different solvents, but only TCE was found to facilitate the formation of a crystalline phase. Indeed, features of the crystal structure suggest that the TCE component plays an important role in promoting the columnar assembly of PQ molecules.