Experimental and Theoretical Studies on 1,4,5,7-Dithiadiazepinyl Radicals: Preparation and X-ray Structure of 5-(Trimethylsilyl)tetrachlorobenzo-1,4,5,7-dithiadiazepine
journal contributionposted on 1997-10-08, 00:00 authored by Vadapalli Chandrasekhar, Tristram Chivers, Masood Parvez, Ignacio Vargas-Baca, Tom Ziegler
1,4,5,7-Dithiadiazepinyl radicals and their selenium analogs have been studied by density functional theory calculations. Compared to 1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyls, this novel family of 9 π-electron radicals is predicted to have low disproportionation and dimerization energies, properties that are advantageous for the preparation of molecular conductors. The radical [CH3C6H3S2N2C(C6H4CH3-4)]• (5a) was generated in solution by the cyclocondensation reaction of CH3C6H3(SCl)2 with 4-CH3C6H4CN2(SiMe3)3 followed by treatment with PhSeCl. The ESR spectrum of 5a consists of a slightly asymmetric quintet (g = 2.0070 and AN(iso) = 4.9 G). The N-(trimethylsilyl)-substituted was characterized by X-ray crystallography: monoclinic, P21/a, a = 12.585(3) Å, b = 12.211(2) Å, c = 14.003(2) Å, β = 101.86(2)°, V = 2106.0(7) Å3, and Z = 4. Polycyclocondensation reactions and thermal instability toward elimination of nitriles hamper the isolation of pure samples of the radicals.