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Experimental Study on the Selective Removal of SO2 from a Ship Exhaust Gas Stream Using a Membrane Contactor

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posted on 01.08.2019, 12:40 authored by Hyung Jin Park, Umair H. Bhatti, Sang Hyun Joo, Sung Chan Nam, Sung Yeol Park, Ki Bong Lee, Il Hyun Baek
In this study, we investigated the selective SO2 removal performance of three absorbentsdistilled water (DW), aqueous NaOH, and Na2SO3 solutionsfrom a typical ship exhaust gas stream using a hollow-fiber membrane contactor. SEM and contact angle analyses were performed to apprehend the morphological and water interaction characteristics of the membrane. A SO2/CO2/N2 gas mixture (1000 ppm of SO2, 5.50 mol % CO2, balance N2) was used and the absorbents were thoroughly evaluated in terms of SO2 gas removal efficiency over a range of operating parameters including absorbent flow rate, feed gas flow rate, absorbent concentration, and L/G ratio. The aq. NaOH absorbent had the best SO2 removal efficiency among the three absorbents under all conditions, mainly due to high alkalinity. Notably, around 100% SO2 removal efficiency can be achieved with the NaOH absorbent. The Na2SO3 solution closely followed the NaOH in SO2 removal efficiency. DW was the worst performer under all conditions. This study confirms that the use of membrane contactor is advantageous over the conventional packed towers because the membrane contactors are compact, offer high contact area, and achieve higher removal efficiencies.