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Experimental Study on a Diesel Particulate Filter with Reciprocating Flow

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journal contribution
posted on 14.10.2019, 08:29 by Yangbo Deng, Xiaolong Wang, Guangquan Chen, Hongwei Wu, Zhitao Han, Rongrui Li
In this article, a new diesel particulate filter (DPF) system with reciprocating flow is proposed, and an experimental study on the characteristics of the active–passive component regeneration of the DPF system is carried out. Several control parameters such as temperature distribution, pressure difference, and pollution emissions of the DPF system are measured for different reciprocating cycles. The mechanism of reciprocating flow regeneration of the DPF system and the effects of the reciprocating flow cycle on the performance of the DPF system are analyzed. Results show that (1) the DPF system can use a tiny amount of extra fuel to maintain the chemical reaction, which in turn realizes the regeneration of the catalyzed DPF because of its properties of heat recovery and reverse blowing of ash; (2) with the increase in the reciprocating flow cycle, the temperature profile moves toward the downstream side of the DPF system and the fluctuation amplitudes of the components of CO, NO, and NO2 increase; (3) if reasonable temperature distribution is formed in the DPF system for a certain reciprocating cycle, the regeneration efficiency can be obviously improved and the average content of particulate matter emission can be kept at quite a low level.