American Chemical Society
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Expanding the Role of Boron in New Drug Chemotypes: Properties, Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Potential of Hemiboronic Naphthoids

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Version 2 2023-09-28, 15:05
Version 1 2023-09-27, 01:33
journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-28, 15:05 authored by M. Zain H. Kazmi, Olivia M. Schneider, Dennis G. Hall
New chemotypes and bioisosteres can open a new chemical space in drug discovery and help meet an urgent demand for novel agents to fight infections and other diseases. With the aim of identifying new boron-containing drug chemotypes, this article details a comprehensive evaluation of the pseudoaromatic hemiboronic naphthoids, benzoxaza- and benzodiazaborines. Relevant physical properties in aqueous media (acidity, solubility, log P, and stability) of prototypic members of four subclasses were determined. Both scaffolds are amenable to common reactions used in drug discovery, such as chemoselective Suzuki–Miyaura, Chan–Lam, and amidation reactions. Small model libraries were prepared to assess the scope of these transformations, and the entire collection was screened for antifungal (Candida albicans) and antibacterial activity (MRSA, Escherichia coli), unveiling promising benzoxazaborines with low micromolar minimum inhibitory concentration values. Select DMPK assays of representative compounds suggest promising drug-like behavior for all four subclasses. Moreover, several drug isosteres were evaluated for anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity as appropriate.