American Chemical Society
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Excitation Wavelength Dependence of Excited State Intramolecular Proton Transfer Reaction of 4′‑N,N‑Diethylamino-3-hydroxyflavone in Room Temperature Ionic Liquids Studied by Optical Kerr Gate Fluorescence Measurement

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-02-18, 15:09 authored by Kayo Suda, Masahide Terazima, Hirofumi Sato, Yoshifumi Kimura
Excited state intramolecular proton transfer reactions (ESIPT) of 4′-N,N-diethylamino-3-hydroxyflavone (DEAHF) in ionic liquids have been studied by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence measurements at different excitation wavelengths. Steady-state measurements show the relative yield of the tautomeric form to the normal form of DEAHF decreases as excitation wavelength is increased from 380 to 450 nm. The decrease in yield is significant in ionic liquids that have cations with long alkyl chains. The extent of the decrease is correlated with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl chains. Time-resolved fluorescence measurements using optical Kerr gate spectroscopy show that ESIPT rate has a strong excitation wavelength dependence. There is a large difference between the spectra at a 200 ps delay from different excitation wavelengths in each ionic liquid. The difference is pronounced in ionic liquids having a long alkyl chain. The equilibrium constant in the electronic excited state obtained at a 200 ps delay and the average reaction rate are also correlated with the alkyl chain length. Considering the results of the steady-state fluorescence and time-resolved measurements, the excitation wavelength dependence of ESIPT is explained by state selective excitation due to the difference of the solvation, and the number of alkyl chain carbon atoms is found to be a good indicator of the effect of inhomogeneity for this reaction.