Examination of the Silver Colloid Binding Behavior of Disulfide-Tethered Bipyridine Ligands and Their fac-Tricarbonylrhenium(I) Complexes
journal contributionposted on 04.04.2011, 00:00 by Heather J. Montgomery, Diane Pelleteret, Steven E. J. Bell, Nicholas C. Fletcher
The syntheses of 2,2′-bipyridin-5-ylmethyl-5-(1,2-dithiolan-3-yl)pentanoate (L1) and N-(2,2′-bipyridin-5-ylmethyl)-5-(1,2-dithiolan-3-yl)pentanamide (L2) and their neutral fac carbonylrhenium(I) complexes [Re(L1)(CO)3Br] and [Re(L2)(CO)3Br] are reported. The electronic absorption and emission spectra of the complexes are similar to the spectrum of the reference compound [Re(bipy)(CO)3Br] and correlate well with the density functional theory calculations undertaken. The surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) spectra (excited at both 532 and 785 nm) of the ligands and complexes were examined and compared to the spectrum of ethyl 5-(1,2-dithiolan-3-yl)pentanoate (L3), revealing that there is very little contribution to the spectra of these species from the dithiolated alkyl chains. The spectra are dominated by the characteristic peaks of a metalated 2,2′-bipyridyl group, arising from the silver colloid/ion complexation, and the rhenium center. The rhenium complexes show weak SERS bands related to the CO stretches and a broad band at 510 cm−1 assigned to Re−CO stretching. Concentration-dependent studies, measured by the relative intensity of several assigned peaks, indicate that, as the surface coverage increases, the bipyridine moiety lifts off the surface. In the case of L1 and L2, this gives rise to complexes with silver at low concentration, enhancing the signals observed, while for the tricarbonylbromorhenium complexes of these ligands, the presence of the disulfide tether allows an enhancement in the limits of detection of these surface-borne species of 20 times in the case of [ReL2(CO)3Br] over [Re(bipy)(CO)3Br].