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Evaluation of Cell Viability with a Single Fluorescent Probe Based on Two Kinds of Fluorescence Signal Modes

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journal contribution
posted on 30.08.2021, 07:29 authored by Youbo Lai, Tengteng Zhang, Wenhui Song, Zihong Li, Weiying Lin
Accurate evaluation of cell viability is important for dosage tests of anticancer drugs, pathology, and numerous biological experiments. However, due to the serious insufficieny of fluorescent probes, which can distinguish various cell states, the study of cell viability is immensely limited. To resolve this issue, we design and synthesize a new probe ACD-E to monitor cell viability with two kinds of fluorescence signal modes, the first single fluorescent probe that can distinguish three different cell states and furnish accurate information in biological experiments. ACD-E can discriminate live and dead cells in a dual-color mode by evaluating cell mitochondrial esterase activity and can also discriminate live and early necrosis cells by determining mitochondrial viscosity in a “turn-on” mode in the near-infrared region. Significantly, the novel ACD-E can also distinguish cell viability in vivo. This work establishes a robust strategy for monitoring multiple cell states using a single fluorescent probe.